Barbe Loiselle

September 26, 2010

Barbe Marie Loiselle, daughter of Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot was born on 30 Aug 1663, Montreal, QC. She was born the day before the eclipse of the sun in New France.  1663 was also the year of the Earthquake in Montreal that lasted from February 5th to the month of September.

Barbe Loiselle died  24 Dec 1742, Hopital General de Quebec, QC after three marriages but no children. She was 79 years old.

Her first marriage was to Pierre Roussel, 26 Oct 1676, Montreal, QC; b. 1644, Dieppe, France; d. 25 Apr 1687, Montreal, QC.  She was first married at the age of 13.   At that time, it was a practice of girls in New France to marry early, as described in this document about the “charm of girls” in New France.  Barbe Loisel and Pierre Roussel were married for 11 years although they had no children.  Pierre Roussel was a edgetool maker (tallandier) in Montreal. He is reproted in 1666 census and in 1681 Census of Montreal, QC.

For some reason, there is some record of a possible intention to marry  Jean Miquelly, 25 Sep 1688, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; b. Abt. 1660. But not sure that this was formalized because not mentioned in her subsequent marriage to Francois Legauthier.

And her second marriage was to Francois LeGantier, 28 Nov 1689, Montreal, QC (Notre Dame des Neiges); b. Bef. 1663, LaChartre-sur-le-Loir, Maine, France; d. 11 Nov 1710, Ste-Anne-de-Detroit, IL. She was 22 years old, widowed just two years, when she married the second time.  They were married 21 years, when Barbe Loisel was widowed a second time.  The couple had just settled in Detroit just the year before Francois LeGantier died.  Barbe  married again three years later in Ste-Anne – so that might indicate that she was in St-Anne on her own during that time.

Francois Legautier, esquire, sieur de la Vallee Ranee, (Deranee), died November 12, 1710,  arrived October 2, 1709, wife Barbe Loisel, departed for Detroit September 6, 1708, she married three times, 1st. Pierre Roussel, 2nd Legautier and 3rd in 1713 Francois Fafard dit Delorme, no rent

Sep 6, 1708:    Barbe Loisel set out to go to her 2nd husband Francois Legauthier, esquire, sieur de Lavallee Ranee lieutenant, 1st husband Pierre Roussel, 3rd husband 1713 Francois Fafard dit Delorme.

And her final and third marriage was to Francois Fafard-Delorme, 30 Dec 1713, Sainte-Anne-de-Détroit (Fort Ponchartrain), Detroit, MI; b. 1660, Trois Rivieres, St. Maurice, QC; d. 28 Jan 1733/34, Detroit, Wayne Co., MI.

“Barbe, the youngest of the daughters,.. joined her life in a first marriage to the edgetool maker Pierre Roussel; then in a second marriage to Francois Legantier, career soldier; finally in a third marriage to Francois Fafard dit Delorme, king’s interpreter at Detroit. Barbe died without leaving any posterity.”

Among the earliest marriages which were celebrated at Fort  Pontchartrain is that of Francois Fafard dit Delorme, the interpreter, and Barbe Loisel, the widow of a distinguished officer, Francois Le Gautier, Sieur de la Vallee Ranee; it occurred October 30, 1713; the witnesses were, Francois de la For6t, Commandant, Du Buisson, Lt. of Marines, J. B. Fachot, Louis Gatheau Mallet, Francois Rivard, Sieur de Montendroe, Etienne Campau, Trutard and Joseph Parent. [Source: Legends of Le Detroit, Marie Caroline Watson Hamlin, page 314]

By 1724, Barbe Loisel’s nephew Toussaint Loisel had also come down to Detroit IL area to marry, settle and have a family in Kaskaskia, IL.

At some point, though, after her third husband Francois Fafard died, Barbe Loisel would have returned to Quebec, because she died there in 1742, eight years after the death of her last husband.

Epidemics in Quebec

June 13, 2010

I was noticing that there were some families that had many deaths in the same year  – so checked on various epidemics in Quebec. There were many. I found these.  

1732-1733 Influenza Epidemic  

1755-1757 Smallpox epidemic, the worst epidemic in French Canada occurred between 1755 and 1757 and spread to New England.  

1759 – Measles Epidemic  

1761 Influenza Epidemic  

1772 Measles Epidemic  

1775-1776 Influenza Epidemic  

The Patriotes Party

June 12, 2010

The Patriotes was a political party led by Louis-Joseph Papineau in 1832.  

 The party had collected 80,000 signatures in support of 92 resolutions of the party around ensuring equal representation of French Canadians.  The British didn’t support any of the recommendations and this led to the party encouraging boycotts on British imports and then on armed rebellions.  

In Oct 1837, the Assembly of the Six Counties met in St-Charles-sur-Richelieu.     

The first conflict on Nov 22, 1837 at St-Denis was their only victory against the Loyalists. 
Then there was the battle of the Patriotes against the Loyalists at St-Charles in Nov 25, 1837. At St-Charles-sur-Richelieu, Lieutenant Colonel George Wetherall with 430 men in his command. They approached the town where maybe as many as 200 Patriotes at St-Charles under the command of Thomas Storrow Brown.  At the battle of St-Charles, 3 English soldiers died, but from 60 to 100 Patriotes died depending on the source.       
  • Antoine Loiselle died that day  
  • Also died, Amable Hebert b 1791 husband of Adelaide Loiselle m 1817 in St-Marc and his brother Jean-Baptiste Herbert b 1793.

The Battle of Saint-Eustache was on Dec 14, 1837. The British were lead by John Colborne with 1,280 regular soldiers and and 220 Loyalist volunteers. The Patriotes had maybe 200 men lead by Jean-Olivier Chenier and Amury Girod. They were barricaded in the church at the centre of the villige. After 4 hours, 70 Patriotes killed vs 3 British Soldiers.    

After the uprisings, the British imprisioned, exiled and hung participants of the rebellion.  The list of Patriote prisoners detailed in Montreal between 1837 and 1839  is provided here.  They were arrested because of their participation aux guerres patriotiques de 1837 and 1838 accused of high treason, sedition or spying.      


On Nov 4, 1838, there were 115 individuals arrested/detained that day of a total of 1,839 arrested in total over the three years.  



These are the three Loiselle’s listed.
  • Loiselle, Jean-Baptiste, Journalier, de Châteauguay – 4 Nov 1838
  • Loiselle, Paul, Cultivateur, de Châteauguay – 4 Nov 1838
  • Loiselle, Toussaint – 4 Nov 1838


The British also retaliated by burning and pillaging rebellious villages through the countie of Deaux-Montagnes including Saint-Eustache and Saint-Benoit. In Saint-Joachim, Sainte-Scholastique and Sainte-Therese.     

St-Charles-sur-Richelieu Quebec

June 12, 2010
It is on the Richelieu River, northwest of St-Hyacinthe.
The land belonging to Saint-Charles seigneury, granted in 1698.

Two children of Jean-Baptiste Loiselle and Marie-Anne Beaudry settled in St-Charles-sur-Richelieu from Pointe-aux-Trembles.

  • Jean-Bapstie Loiselle b 1721 married Apoline Desbles on 1748 in Pointe-aux-Trembles. They had 14 children in St-Charles between 1750 and 1770. Jean Baptiste died in 1788 in St-Charles, his wife, Apoline Desbles died in 1797 in St-Marc.
  • Toussaint Loiselle b 1725 married Marie-Anne Hogue on 1752 in St-Charles.  He settled on land that was conceded from his uncle, Jean-Baptiste Beaudry. Toussant and Maire-Anne had 6 children from 1752 to 1761 in St-Charles. And this was the time frame when the “dit Sinotte” name was introduced.

It was a granddaughter of Toussaint Loiselle, Adelaide Loiselle that married Amable Hebert in 1817 in St-Marc. They settled in St-Charles having 10 children. Amable Hebert, as did some of his siblings, died in the Patriotes battle of St-Charles on Nov 25, 1837. This family seemed pretty settled there.

St-Charles was had an important role in the Patriotes Rebellions of 1837.

At the battle of St-Charles – lead by Thomas Storrow Brown on the Patriotes side with maybe 60 to 100 militia and by Lieutenant Colonel George Wetherall onthe Loyalist side – with 430 in his command. 3 English soldiers died, but from 60 to 100 Patriotes died depending on the source.   These included Amable Hebert b 1791 husband of Adelaide Loiselle m 1817 in St-Marc. As well as Amable Hebert’s brother Jean-Baptiste Herbert b 1793.

Some of the casualities from this battle are remembered on the Monument of Patriotes at St-Charles. 

Face is: “Killed in the battle of November 25, 1837: Abraham Remy Bellefleur, Joseph Boulé, Henri Chaume, Peter Emery Coderre, Joseph Comeau Joseph Fénix said Dauphinais, Dauphinais said Louis Fénix, Pion said Isaac Fontaine, Joseph Goddu, Gabriel Gosselin, Amable Hebert, Jean-Baptiste Hébert, Pierre Hébert-Lambert, Marc Jeannotte dit Lachapelle, Moses Lemoyne, Olivier Lescault, André Lévesque André Loiselle, “said Gabriel Amiel Lusignan, Lusignan said Amiel N. .. N. .. Menard, Francois Mingot Moses Pariseau, Xavier Pariseau, N. .. Provost and some other unidentified. “

In early 1800s the village flourished with trade associated with river transportation . But with the rail and roads, St-Charles lost its advantage of being on the river and returned to agricultural focus.

There are still Loiselle descendants in St-Charles today.

Early History of Montreal

June 11, 2010

Sep 14, 1535 – Jacques Cartier first arrives in Quebec City – the Iroquoian capital of Stadacona. [He had sailed to Canadian Atlantic Provinced, Gulf of St Lawrence and Chaleur Bay the year before in 1534 thinking that he had reached the Asian coast. ]

Oct 2, 1535 – Jacques Cartier firsts arrives in Hochelaga (Montreal) on the smallest of the three ships of his fleet. At Hochela he climbs Mont-Royal the next day. He was stopped from proceeding further by the rapids, which were thought to be the passage to China and thats why they were named Lachine Rapids.  Cartier, though, was one of the first to formally acknowledge that the New World was a separate land mass from Europe/Asia.

Jul 3, 1608 was when the first  permanent European settlement was established in Canada by Samuel Champlain in Quebec City.  He had previously participated in the settlment of Port Royal, Acadia in 1605.

Jun 1641, Maisonneuve and Jeanne Mance, with three other women and about fifty men, set sail to Canada and arrive in Quebec by end of August.  The intent was to set up a mission in Montreal. 

Jan 1, 1642 – There are 7 inhabitants in Montreal, 107 years after Jacques Cartier first landed there.

May 5, 1642 – Paul de Chomdey de Maisonneuve leaves Quebec for Montreal, he and 50 others founded the post of Ville-Marie (Montreal).  On May 18, the first mass in Ville Marie was celebrated by Barthelemy Vimont, the superior of the Jesuits, with both French and Indians present.

Jun 9, 1643 – The Iroquois kill their first victims in Montreal. Forty Iroquis warriors suprise six frenchmen hewing timber within a gun shot of the fort, the Iroquis kill three of them and take the remaining three as prisoners.  For the next two years, the Iroquis continue to harass Montreal with attacks on March 16, 1644, and March 30th.    At this time, the inhabitants of Ville Marie were living for the most part communally in barracks within the fort, with only a few living on their own private means.

Jan 12, 1644  – Jeanne Mance opens the first hospital in Montreal within the fort.

In 1645,  Maisonneuve granted the first concession outside the fort to Jeanne Mance so that she could build Hotel Dieu de Montreal.

1646 – The Palisade of Fort Ville Marie was complete, after started in 1642.

Feb 27, 1647 – the first ball in Montreal.

Aug 1647 –  Louis Loisel first arrived in Montreal on Maisonneuve‘s second recruitment trip to France. Marguerite Charlot was on the same ship.   At that time, the situation in the colonies was becoming quite dangerous with the Agniers and the Iroquois, limiting movement outside the fort – not even able to go to collect firewood without armed guards.

Jan 4, 1648 – Pierre Gadois is awarded by Chomedey, then governor of the colony, the first land grant  outside  the fort and is the first farmer. But in 1645 his house is broken into on several occasions to steal food and he returns to Quebec city from 1646-1647.   [A map of the early land grants in Montreal are provided here.  My Louis Loisel got his first land grant in 1655.]

Jan 13, 1648 – Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot are married at the home of Jeanne Mance, with Paul de Chomedey, Gilbert Barbier and Charles le Moyne in attendence.

Nov 24, 1648 – Barbe Meusnier, daughter of Mathurin Meusnier and Francoise Fafart, is the first white child born  in Montreal -she died shortly thereafter [Dec 3, 1648].

Jul 24, 1649 – Jeanne Loiselle is born, she is the first white child born in Montreal to grow to school age and adult hood.

Jan 1, 1650 – Montreal has 196 inhabitants.  That is the year that Michel Chauvin is accused of bigamy.

1650 – Father Claude Pijart is appointed to Montreal, coming from Ste-Marie among the Algonquins.  He will later baptise Francoise and Joseph Loiselle.

1650 – Maisonneuve builds a house for himself of Rue Saint-Paul. Between 1650 and 1672, 94 houses were built in Montreal. Louis Loisel’s house being #51 on map of Montreal on 1672.

Jun 18, 1651 – Montreal battles 50 Iroquois and in July 26, 1651 – Iroquois attack the hospital.  

The start of the 1650s, Ville-Marie (Montreal) was in danger. The settlement was under constant attack by the Iroquois and there were only a few dozen men left to defend the colony. Some of the first to arrive here became discouraged and returned to France, their homeland. 1651 was a particularly difficult year. No one dared go out unarmed and no month went by without victims. Jeanne Mance had to abandon the Hôtel-Dieu and take refuge, like many others, in the Ville-Marie fort.

Feb 26, 1652 – Francoise Loiselle is born. She was baptised by Claude Pijart, her godparents were Lambert Closse and Francoise Gode

April 16, 1652 – “Le Cid” is performed in Montreal. Kind of fun to imagine Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot watching the play – although their second daughter Francoise is just about two months old at the time – would Marguerite have gone to the play?

Sep 22, 1653 – 100 soldiers arrive to defend Montreal against the Iroquois. They were recruited by Jeanne Mance, who used the money that was to be spent on the hospital, the Grande Recrue.

Nov 25, 1654 – Joseph Loisel is born, baptised by Father Claude Pijart.   The godparents were Paul de Chomedey, now governor,  and Jeanne Mance.

1655 – A treaty with the Iroquois is signed.

1655 – Louis Loisel is awarded his first land grant in Montreal. Louis Loisel’s house being #51 [on rue Saint-Paul] on map of Montreal on 1672. He earned his living as a locks smith.

1657 0- Notre Dame du Bonsecours is build in Montreal

Sep 3, 1657 – L’Abbee de Queylus is the first priest in Montreal, replacing Father Claude Pijart that baptised the Jeanne and Francois Loiselle.

Nov 25, 1657 – Marguerite Bourgeois opens the stable school in Montreal. Jeanne and Francoise Loiselle are two of the first seven first students.

Jun 2, 1658 – Charles Loiselle  is born. He dies less than a month later.

1658 –  Maisonneuve contracts Jacques Archambault to dig a well it the Fort Ville-Marie

Feb 6, 1662- Lambert Closse died fighing the Iroquois.

Aug 30, 1663 – Barbe Loiselle is born in Ville Marie – the day before the eclipse of the sun in New France. At the start of the year, there were 2,000 inhabitants of the town.  That was also the year of the Earthquake in Montreal. The earthquake last more than 6 months from February 5th to the month of September.

1666 – another Census is completed.

1666 – The boys school is opened in Montreal.  The boys of the colony at that time, were attending Marguerite Bourgeois’s school with the girls. Did Joseph Loiselle attend, he would have been abut 10 at that time?

1669 – Louis XIV institutes mandatory military service for all valide men of NewFrance between ages 16 and 60 with each parish having its militia.  Which is just at Joseph Loiselle turns 16.

1670 – the first map demonstrating that the Great Lakes were all connected, the year that the Hudson’s Bay Company is founded. 

1674 – Pointe-aux-Trembles is founded.  Laurent Archambault and Francois Bau were elected churchwarded for the construction of the church in Pointe-aux-Trembles.

1679 – The Brigantine Le Griffon, is towed to the southern end of Niagara River to become the first ship to sail the Upper Great Lakes.

1680-1685 – More and more voyageurs, coureurs des bois and missionaries exploring the regions upriver from Montreal toward the Great Lakes, impacting the fur fairs in Montreal.

In the Montreal census of 1681, Louis Loisel, locksmith, 64 years old, and Marguerite Charlot, 57 years old, had as neighbors Jean-Vincent Philippe, Sieur de Hautmesny, and Charles d’Ailleboust, Sieur des Mousseaux. Louis and Marguerite owned 1 gun, 2 head of cattle, and had 30 arpents under cultivation. A single son, Joseph, still lived with them.

Dec 9, 1681, Joseph Loisel bought land in Saint-Jean (later Pointe-aux-Trembles) from Francois Bau and his wife.

On 26 May 1682, Paul Aguenier was ordered to pay the damages that his animals had caused to the grains of Louis Loisel

1682 – Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, travelled all the way to the mouth of the Mississippi River. 

8 August 1684,  Loisel won his case against Marthe Autreux, wife of Pierre Chauvin, who had killed one of the plaintiff’s pigs after having surprised the animal in the act of ransacking his fields

18 June 1686, Loisel was ordered to do so because he had refused to ‘have thrashed les fredoches, which spoiled a homestead”.

On 2 August 1688, Louis Loisel (engageur ouest) with some partners, Antoine Bazinet, Jacques Chaperon, Pierre Janot and Robert Janot all invested in a trading journey to the West.  Bazinet, Chaperon and Janot would make the trading journey and return in the autumn of 1689 in order to pay the creditors in good beaver pelts and to share the profits.

3 March 1690, Louis Loisel liquidated all his property in Montreal with his daughter Barbe Loisel and her husband Frncois Langantier taking charge of supporting her parents.

Sep 4, 1691 – Louis Loisel, our Canadian ancester, dies in Montreal.

1692, Joseph Loiselle was engageur ouest, like his father Louis Loisel earlier in 1688.

Oct 3, 1706 – Margureite Charlot dies at Pointe-aux-Trembles , 15 years after her husband.

Kaskaskia IL

June 7, 2010

As early as 1688/9, Louis Loisel, of Montreal was “engageur ouest” to Kaskaskia, IL. He died in 1691.

In 1692,  after his death, Louis’s son, Joseph Loiselle organized trade voyages to Kaskaskia as “engageur ouest” as well.  He had a son Joseph born that year 1692.

In 1708, Barbe Loisel, Joseph Loiselle’s sister, with her then husband Francois LeGantier were both in Ste-Anne-de-Detroit, MI.

Toussaint Loiselle b 1689, the oldest surviving son of Louis Loisel,  married Cecile Brunet in 1723 in Kaskaskia IL. They settled and raised their family and future Loiselle’s in the area of Fort de Chartres.   One child Toussaint Loisel b 6 Feb 1726 in Fort de Chartres IL and he died  10 Dec 1746 in Kaskaskia. 

 There are other Loiselle’s shown born in this area after 1723 that may be their children:

Madeleine Loisel married Andre Chevalier 1758 in Kaskaskia and then Pierre de Giradeau in 1760 in Fort de Chartres, IL.  

There is a Joseph Loiselle married to Genevieve Kensero in 1754 in Kaskaska. Not sure how he is connected to Toussaint’s Loiselle. 

There is an Antoine Loisel b 1726 in Fort de Chartres, IL and marrie d Joseph Texier in 1743 in Fort de Chartres.  Toussaint Loisel  had business in 1726  related to custody of the late Pierre Milleret to be transfered to Jean-Baptiste Texier, brother in law and tenant of the said children.  So Antoine Loisel may be someohow related to Toussaint Loisel.

There was a Nicolas Loisel in some records, but I wander if  he might might be the Nicolas Loisel from St-Martin Parish, LA.

There is mention of Regis Loisel in the Kaskaskia area, a missionary and his father  Regis Loisel, a fur trader,  born in Montreal area about 1773 and becoming involved in fur trade early on and in St-Louis by 1793.  They are descendants of  another Louis Losiel born about 1676 in Liseiux, Bayeux, Normandie. He came to Canada as a soldier at Fort Quebec in 1693 and died in Charlesbourg, QC in 1743.  There is no known relationship of these Loiselle’s to the Louis Loisel descendants born 60 years earlier and settled in Montreal when he came to Canada in 1647.

[Will add more Loiselle connections to Kaskaskia as I get to them]

The route from Montreal to Kaskaskia was generally from Montreal they would go on the Ottawa River and across to Lake Nipissing. Then down the French River to Lake Huron. They would then travel to where Lake Huron, Lake Superior, and Lake Michigan all meet and go down Lake Michigan (called Lake Illinois or “lac des Illinois” by the French).

In 1673, Jesuit Father Jacques Marquette and French-Canadian explorer Louis Joliet go south from Green Bay, up Fox River and down Wisconsin River to Mississippi.  But  on return trip, they describe going along the Illinois River east to Lake Michigan instead.

Rob Louisell provided this photograph taken by his wife Linda. It is a photo of a sign in Mackinaw City which details the French explorers’ travels around the Great Lakes.


And from there, along the Mississippi St. Louis, Pairie du Rocher and Ste Genevieve to Kaskaskia.

What a trip of over 1,300 miles by canoe and trekking.

Here are some of the early marriages in Kaskaskia and this one lists the three Loisel marriages there.

Lambert Closse

June 6, 2010

Son of Jean Closse and Cecile de la Fosse, born in Lorraine Region of France.

He crossed to New France in 1647 and settled in Ville Marie.

He was equerry (in charge of the stables) and Sergeant Major of the city garrison.

He replaced the governor, Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve, during his absences.

On Feb 26, 1652, Lambert Closse and Francoise Gode were godparents to Francoise Loiselle, b. Feb 26, 1651 in Montreal, QC

In 1651, on Sainte-Anne’s Day, 200 Iroquois attacked Ville-Marie, particularly the hospital. Lambert Closse and his men continued this desperate struggle throughout the whole day. The attackers lost a lot of men. Denys Archambault, oldest son of Jacques Archambault, while lighting a cannon for the third time, “was killed by an explosion from this weapon which shattered and killed a lot of the enemy”.

He was given a land grant in Montreal in 1658.

Lambert Closse married Elisabeth Moyen on 12 Aug 1658 and they had two daughters.

Lambert was killed in combat against the Iroquois on 6 Feb 1662 in Montreal.

Jean Desroches and Francoise Gaude

June 6, 2010

Francoise Gode or Gaude was named after her mother.
Arrived in Ville-Marie in 1642 with the whole family. She was from Perche Region of France and was nine years old at the time.
She married at age of 14, in 1647, to Jean Desroches. This was the first wedding celebrated in Ville Marie.
The couple had 13 chldren, Francoise died at Pointe-aux-Trembles on 9 Mar 1715 at 82 years of age.

Their two sons, Jean and Nicolas, were one of the first students of Marguerite Bourgeoys’ first school in Montreal, in 1653 – with Francoise and Jeanne Loisel.   The boys went to school with the girst until mid 1600s.  Later the Suplician priests, in particularl, Gabriel Souart, taught the boys.

On Feb 26, 1652, Lambert Closse and Francoise Gode were godparents to Francoise Loiselle, b. Feb 26, 1651 in Montreal, QC

-Jean Baptiste Jr DESROCHES b: 11 Dec 1649 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada spouse Beauchamp Marie
-Nicolas Desroches 07 Oct 1652 27 Apr 1737 in Montreal, Quebec spouses Archambault Anne
Perthuis Jeanne
-Paul Desroches 31 Dec 1654 Raincourt b: 13 Dec 1654 in Montreal, Quebec, spouse Leduc Suzanne
 Suzanne DESROCHES b: 5 Oct 1662 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
 Jean Baptiste Jr DESROCHES b: 11 Oct 1663 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
 Francoise Desroches 24 Nov 1657 10 Nov 1672 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
 Jacques Desroches 31 Mar 1660 25 Nov 1680 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
 Jean Desroches 11 Oct 1663 23 Aug 1687 J. Desroches F. Gode Picard Anne
-Marguerite Desroches 30 Apr 1666  in Montreal, Quebec, Canada spouse Leduc Jean
-Jeanne Desroches 04 Nov 1668 03 Nov 1696 J. Desroches F. Gode Lauzon Seraphin
-Agathe Desroches 16 Jan 1671 11 Apr 1703 J. Desroches F. Gode Leduc Charles
-Pierre Desroches b 15 May 1673 Notre Dame de Montreal, QC d 29 Apr 1739 spouse Beaudry Marie

Marguerite Bourgeoys

June 6, 2010

There is a great Biography of Marguerite Bourgeoys in wikipedia.  She was sixth of 12 children and when her mother died when she was 19, she took care of her brothers and sisters. Her father died when she was 27. She was recruited by Paul Chomedey to come to New France as a teacher and sailed to New France in 1653.  She initiated the building of Notre Dame de BonSecours Chapel and opened her first school in 1658. 

The Loisel’s were among some of her first school children.  Including Jeanne and Francoise Loisel, the daughters of Louis Loisel. Jeanne Loisel was the first student  of Marguerite Bourgeoys that survived to grown age. 

 In 1653, Marguerite Bourgeoys found only a few children in the young colony because the first children born in the small colony did not often survive.  She didn’t find but the small Jeanne Loisel that she gave lessons to.  “on a ete environ huit ans” dit la soeur Bourgeoys, “sans pouvoir garder d’enfant a Montreal. La premiere qui est restee vivante  fut Jeanne Loysel, que l’on me donna a quatre ans et demi, et qui a ete elevee et a demeure a la maison jusqu’a son mariage avec Jean Beauchamp”

The “stable” school was first opened in 1657, when Jeanne Loisel was about 8 years old.

The school was in an old stable. The ground floor was the classroom and the attic was the dormitory for the teachers.

On the first day of school 30 April 1658:  She and her sister Francoise joined other children at the school – there were enough surviving children by then: Jean and Nicolas Desroches, Adrienne Barbier, Catherine Daugigeon, Marie Lucault and Jean Leduc.  Jeanne at 8 years 9 months, was the oldest. Jean Desroches, born 11 Dec 1649 was the first son to survive in the Montreal settlement.  The two youngest, Jean Leduc and Catherin Daubigeon didn’t reach their 5th birthday, Adrienne Barbier, later married Etienne Trudeau. 

The students of the time, they learned religion and reading, writing and arthmetic. The girls would have also been taught sewing and cooking to help them manage households and farms in that time.

In these first years, brothes Nicolas and Jean Desroches and Jean Leduc  attended Marguerite Bourgeoys school which boys attended with the girls until  the mid-1660s. Later the Suplician priests, in particularl, Gabriel Souart, taught the boys.

Jeanne Loisel was raised by Marguerite Bourgeouys from age 4 and a half until Jeanne married at age 17 to Jean Beauchamp. 

After two return trips to France to recruit more women teachers, she started the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame.

In 1680, Marguerite and Marie Barbier, went to set up a mission and school in Pointe-aux-Trembles, again likely teaching the daughters of  Joseph, Jeanne and Francoise Loisel as well as other children of the early inhabitants of Pointe-aux-Trembles.

In 1693, Soeur Marie Barbier, daughter of Gabriel Barbier, succeeded Marguerite Bourgeoys in heading the Congregation.  Marie Barbier was the first Canadian born to join the congregation.

Marguerite Bourgeoys died Jan 12, 1700.

I thought that this is a great activities book for school visits to the Marguerite Bourgeoys Museum.

Generation 2: Jeanne Loisel m Jean Beauchamp

June 6, 2010

Jeanne Loisel was the eldest daughter of Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot.

Jeanne’s baptism was conducted in Latin: “En L’anne de Seigneur 1649 le 24 juillet, moi Jean Dequen pretre de la Societe de Jesus, agissant au nom de cette paroisse, ai baptise une enfant du pere, Louis Loysel et de la mere, Marguerite Charlot, nee to jour susmentionne. Le parrain fut Jean Pappe et la marraine Roberte Gadois, (de celle) a qui on a impose le nom de Jeanne.”

Volume 18, page 152 of Our French Canadian Ancestors, translated into English Thomas LaForest says, “Jeanne was raised by Margurete Bourgeoys(now a Saint of the Catholic Church, 2005). She lived with the nuns beginning at the age of 4 and one half until her marriage. She was the first daughter of the French nation, born at Montreal, who was married and became a mother of a family. She married Jean Beauchamp, 28 years old, on November 23 Notre-Dame of Montreal, and knew the joys of 8 births. She was buried on 4 October 1708.

Jeanne Loisel was the first student  of Marguerite Bourgeoys that survived to grown age.  In 1653, Marguerite Bourgeoys found only a few children in the young colony because the first children born in the small colony did not often survive.  She didn’t find but the small Jeanne Loisel that she gave lessons to.  “on a ete environ huit ans” dit la soeur Bourgeoys, “sans pouvoir garder d’enfant a Montreal. La premiere qui est restee vivante  fut Jeanne Loysel, que l’on me donna a quatre ans et demi, et qui a ete elevee et a demeure a la maison jusqu’a son mariage avec Jean Beauchamp”

The “stable” school was first opened in 1657, when Jeanne was about 8 years old. Jeanne is reported to have lived with Marguerite Bourgeoysfrom the age of 4 until age  she married Jean Beauchamp. That suggests that Jeanne would have lived in the loft of the Stable school when it was built, as that was where Marguerite Bourgeoys lived.

 Marguerite Bourgeoys Stable School in MontrealThis is the image of the stable school that they showed us when we visited the Museum de Marguerite Bourgeouys on our trip to Montreal on Jun 29, 2013.  586px-Montreal-Marguerite_Bourgeoys,_Blvd_St_Laurent_-_Rue_le_Royer_Est

When we were in Montreal on weekend of Jun 29, 2013, we stopped at the corner of Blvd St Laurent and Rue Le Royer E which is proported to be the location of the Stable School.

On the first day of school 30 April 1658:  Jeanne Loisel and her sister Francoise joined other children at the school – there were enough surviving children by then: Jean and Nicolas Deroches, Adrienne Barbier, Catherine Daugigeon, Marie Lucault and Jean Leduc.  Jeanne at 8 years 9 months, was the oldest. Jean Desroches, born 11 Dec 1649 was the first son to survive in the Montreal settlement.  The two youngest, Jean Leduc and Catherin Daubigeon didn’t reach their 5th birthday, Catherine Barbier, later married Etienne Trudeau.

The students of the time, they learned religion and reading, writing and arthmetic. The girls would have also been taught sewing and cooking to help them manage households and farms in that time.

A few years later, daughter of Gilbert Barbier, Marie, started school and was the first Montrealer to become a member of the Congregation of Notre-Dame and later succeeded Mere Bourgeoys as superior in 1693-1698.

Jeanne was later married in the house of Marguerite Bourgeoys – in Nov 1666 to Jean Beauchamp.

Jean Beauchamp came to Montreal from France when he was 14 years old, he accompanied his older brother Jacques Beauchamp, and his wife, Marie Dardenne.

Jeanne and Jean Beauchamp had three children in Montreal.  They moved to Pointe-aux-Trembles between 1672-1676 where they had five more children.

On 13 Mar 1678, Honore Langlois, her father, and Jean Beauchamp, husband of Jeanne Loisel participated in the blessing of the new church in Pointe-aux-Trembles after the building was complete.

In 1681, Jean Beauchamp and his family are recorded in the census at Pointe-aux-Trembles. “Jean Beauchamp, 43 years, Jeanne Loisel, his wife 34 years, their children Marie 12, Francoise 10, Jean 5, Pierre 2, 1 rifle, 3 animals with horns, 9 arpents in value”. Four more children will be born to Jean and Jeanne.

It is likely that the Beauchamp children (girls and granddaughters) would have attended the school lessons that Marguerite Bourgeoys and Soeur Marie Barbier set up in 1680 to prepare the children for their communion. And attended later at the wooden school house that was built in 1690.

On 27 January 1693, he receives from the priest and the parish trustees of Pointe-aux-Trembles a plot of thirty-five feet in frontage by seventy feet in depth on Rue Saint-Jean, and, on the following 4 March, the landlords of the Isle of Montreal grant him, at the same location, on Rue Saint-Francois, a plot of twenty-six feet by nineteen feet.  The combination of these two pieces of land that are next to each other amount to 3244 square feet, or three quarters (0.75) of an acre.

Not long thereafter, on 8 February 1693, his brother Jacques dies, and Jean Beauchamp is called to act as administrator on behalf of his nephews, for the distribution of his brother’s estate.

January 21, 1700 ” ill at home, sitted on a chair, but in good spirits” Jean settles his debts before dying with Pierre Lamoureux de Saint-Germain, including 769 pounds, 4 properties, 4 money debts.  Jean Beauchamp was in debt most of his life but was sure to pay off all his debt before he died. He then dictates his will to the notary Adhemar. He has a requiem mass and gives 200 pounds to Father Chaigneau who must do with it what he has told him secretly. He died at Pointe-aux-Trembles on May 4, 1700.

The notary Cusson drew up an inventory of Jean Beauchamps goods on January 5, 1701. His widow, Jeanne Loisel, survives  him by a few years and was buried in Montreal on October 4, 1708.

The family of Jean Beauchamp-LePetit and Jeanne Loisel

Generation No. 1

1.  Jean2 Beauchamp-LePetit  (Michel1 Deschamps-Beauchamp) was born 08 May 1644 in Ste-Marguerite, La Rochelle, Aunis, France, and died 04 May 1700 in Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC.  He married Marie-Jeanne Loiselle 23 Nov 1666 in Rivière-des-Prairies, Montreal, QC, daughter of Louis Loisel/Loysel and Marie-Marguerite Charlot.  She was born 24 Jul 1649 in Montréal, Île de Montréal,QC, and died 04 Oct 1708 in Montreal, QC.

Children of Jean Beauchamp-LePetit and Marie-Jeanne Loiselle are:

i.    Anonyme3 Beauchamp, b. 16 Aug 1669, Montreal, QC; d. 16 Aug 1669, Montreal, QC.

ii.    Marie-Francoise-Jeanne Beauchamp, b. 11 Sep 1670, Montreal, QC; d. 27 May 1752, St. Henri, Mascouche, QC; m. (1) Louis Truchon-L’Eveille, 14 Apr 1687, Pointe aux Trembles, Montreal, QC (Enfant Jésus); b. Abt. 1646, Abbaretz, Nantes, Bretagne, France; d. 15 Feb 1723/24, St-Francois-de-Sales (Ile-Jesus), QC; m. (2) Jacques Robin St-Jacques, 20 Apr 1729, Lachenaie, QC; b. Bef. 1670, QC; d. Aft. 1729, QC.

iii.    Francoise Beauchamp, b. 03 Nov 1672, Montreal, QC; d. 01 Mar 1699/00, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; m. Jean Charbonneau, 19 Sep 1688, Pointe Aux Trembles, Montreal, QC; b. 03 Nov 1662, Montreal, QC; d. 07 Jan 1729/30, Varennes, Verchères, QC.

iv.    Jean Beauchamp, b. 22 Nov 1676, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; d. 13 Jan 1754, Lachenaie, L’Assomption, QC; m. Jeanne Muloin, 19 Apr 1701, Repentigny, L’Assomption, QC; b. 19 Jan 1681/82, L’Assomption, QC; d. 17 Apr 1756, L’Assomption, QC.

v.    Pierre Beauchamp, b. 27 Jul 1679, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; d. 24 May 1741, Lachenaie, QC; m. Angelique Francoise Leclerc, 27 Jun 1699, Montreal, QC; b. 11 Oct 1680, Repentigny, L’Assomption, QC; d. 12 Aug 1747, Lachenaie, QC.

vi.    Barbe Beauchamp, b. 10 Jun 1683, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; d. 17 May 1751, St-Sulpice, QC; m. (1) Guillaume Forget, 24 Nov 1698, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; b. 03 Aug 1674, Lachine, QC; d. 27 Aug 1713, Hotel Dieu, QC; m. (2) Andre Bouteiller, 07 Feb 1713/14, St-Francois-de-Sales (Ile-Jesus), Quebec.; b. Bef. 1683, QC; d. Aft. 1714, QC.

vii.    Francois Beauchamp, b. 22 Jun 1686, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; d. 06 Nov 1708, Riviere des Prairies, Ile de Montreal, QC.

viii.    Marguerite Beauchamp, b. 27 Mar 1689, Pointe-aux-Trembles, QC; d. 05 Apr 1755, Lachine, L’Assomption, QC; m. Jean-Baptiste Leclerc, 23 Nov 1705, St-Francois-de-Sales (Ile-Jesus), QC; b. 26 Mar 1681, Lachenaie, L’Assomption, QC; d. 16 Apr 1775, Trois Rivieres, St-Maurice, QC.

Look forward to meeting any cousins of the Beauchamp Line.


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