Archive for the ‘Canada History and Geography’ Category

The Early Establishment of Montreal Loiselle Pioneer Family, By Aurora Loiselle

July 9, 2013

On Jun 29, 2013, descendants of Louis Loisel met up in Montreal. Aurora Losielle started off the day’s events with a presentation on the early history of Loisel’s in Montreal. Her speech is provided here.

The Early Establishment of Montreal Loiselle Pioneer Family

Prepared and Presented by Aurora Loiselle

With extracts from the section on the Loiselles of the book by  Fr. DeJordy  “Genealogies des Principales Familles du Richelieu”, Vol II, 1927

The purpose of this introduction is to situate our families who descend from our one common ancestor, Louis Loiselle,  in the history of  the founding of Montreal, where we are meeting today, 29 of June 2013  (the feasts of Saint Pierre and Saint Paul in the Catholic world).

This reunion, will allow us to experience live our family history linked to Montreal’s beginnings, today, through our visit and presentations in both the Notre Dame Basilica and the Marguerite Bourgeoys Museum and during our supper with New France themed show.  There are no sufficient words  to say how special this event is since we are all from elsewhere; our family is so old  in this country, many left  for different reasons and today we are trying to connect with our common roots. We have with us Loiselles from Rhode Island, Ontario, Saskatchewan and from Santiago, Chile (my family), Sinotte’s from different parts in Canada. All descendants from Louis Loiselle and Marguerite Charlot, one of the first 50 French families who settle in Ville Marie in the 1600’s, today’s Montreal.

Fr. De Jordy published in 1927, the book “Genealogy of the Principal Families of the Richelieu” and I will now refer to what he wrote, then, in his introduction to the chapter on our Loisel ancestor because it gives us a glimpse of this family in its historical context.  So, he writes:

“Among the families of the Richelieu  of normand origins and whose ancestors  came to establish themselves in Ville Marie while Paul de Maisonneuve still lived and before the arrival of the recruits of 1653, there are no more respectable and older than the Loiselles, the Hebert, the Demers and the Messier.

Louis Loiselle, the founder of the family of this name lived in the Island of Montreal and had reached the age of 30 when he married on the 13 of January of 1648, Marguerite Charlot, originally from St. Jean de Gres, near Paris.  She was a virtuous girl who accompanied Mlle. Jeanne Mance to Ville Marie and who had lived under her care until the day of her marriage.

“”It was Mr. de la Vallee Poussin, eminent conferencier in Paris, who raised his voice one more time to denounce a slander that found some credit in some circles. It was Baron de La Hontan, an aristocrat but one who liked fights, who threw injury to our first French colonists.   There was no proof found that Canada was first settled by delinquents and women of bad life.   To the contrary, with the arrival of the Regiment de Carignan, many of them were the best soldiers of regiments in the mother country.  The women who were recruited to come to New France to marry were young women of Parisian orphanages, young peasants of normand parishes chosen by their priests among the healthiest, strong and virtuous.   They were brought by religious or lay women of faith, were given  money by the King and were married shortly after arrival”.   These are called  the Daughters of the King.  A parenthesis:  the first Daughters of the King (Les Filles du Roi) arrived in 1663 and this year, 2013,  marks the 350 th anniversary of their  arrival.  There are various commemorations around Quebec to celebrate who are known as “the first Mothers of French Canadians.”

Another excerpt from the same book: “According to Mr. James Douglas, published in the bulletins of the history courses at Queen’s University, a reputable work on the situation of women in New England and in New France, a comparative work where he researches the role that women played in both colonies.  He says the inhabitants of New England arrived with their spouses and children and the majority in New France arrived alone. It was necessary that the religious authorities concern themselves on bringing in young women of age to marry and establish families in the new colony.”

We should underline here, that the first girl born and who survived in Montreal beyond the crib stage and  who   married here, is our Jeanne Loiselle, that she was not part of the Daughters of the King group, she was born in 1649, married Jean Beauchamp in 1666, a Frenchman, they had eight children and she lived until  59 years of age.   At the time, there was Mlle.   Jeanne Mance, who played the role of nurse in the colony and who found Hotel –Dieu of Montreal, the first hospital.  She was of great influence in Ville Marie during the first years of the colony and is often referred to as the co-founder of Montreal.  After, it was Marguerite Bourgeoys, another key figure, the founder of the Notre Dame Congregation and who dedicated herself to teaching and grooming the first children of the colonists, of which Jeanne and her sister Francoise.  Marguerite Bourgeoys was made a Canadian Saint in 1982, she is the first Canadian Saint.

From the same book:  “While these women worked for the betterment of New France, there were no equivalents in New England, no women who occupied themselves actively in the public welfare .  The religious authorities of that period, according to Winthrop, prohibited women to gather each week to even discuss doctrinal questions and the Holy Bible.”  In New England the puritan spirit dominated.

“As Mr. Douglas remarked, the concept of the role of women in the life of the original American colonies, was different;  it is with no doubt that New France benefitted more from the influence of some women of courage who devoted themselves to the colony, than in New England, where women were left at home by “exaggerated  religious doctrine beliefs”, and had practically no role in the public welfare of the colony.”

From the preface:  “Lodge, the American Senator during the heavy French Canadian immigration to the USA, in his speech on Immigration, said “these Immigrants represent one of the oldest establishments on the continent, they are now Americans in the large sense of the word.  It is then acknowledged that the French-Canadian immigrants in New England had reached a population of 750,000, that  in at  least 13 of their towns, the Canadians and their descendants were over 10,000. One of these towns, Fall River with its 35.000 Franco-Americans came in third place after Montreal and Quebec, as center of French population. They find Franco-Americans in all legislative bodies of New England. The first Rhode   Island citizen to have received the honor of five successive elections to the post of Governor (in 1912) crossed the border at the age of 16.”

Back to our pioneer, excerpt from the book:

“The Montreal “high society” of the period, had great estimation for the Loiselle couple;  thus, the 26 of February of 1652, mayor Lambert Closse and Francoise Code had little  Francoise in their arms in the baptismal fountain ; when son Joseph Loiselle was born the 26 of November of 1654,  Paul de Maisonneuve and Jeanne Mance, founders of Montreal, served as godfather and godmother.”,_Sieur_de_Maisonneuve

The oldest of Louis Loiselle  children, “ Jeanne,  born the 21st of July, 1649, was the 1st girl of the colony to survive;  eight years had passed without being able to  keep children alive in Montreal.   Jeanne just turned age 4 and a half when Sister Bourgeoys arrived from France and took charge of her instruction and grooming until marriage.  Jeanne and her sister Francoise were among the first students of Marguerite Bourgeoys.  Jeanne is still the first Canadian in Montreal who married there.  The marriage was celebrated the 23rd of November of 1666 at the Notre Dame parish in Ville Marie.”

Extracts from  “Nos ancetres # 18”  Biographies des ancetres,  St. Anne de Beaupre 1990

“It is written in a few records of history, that Louis Loiselle appeared in Montreal without a word.  The first time they noticed him, he was getting married in the parish of Notre Dame in 1648.  Present in the ceremony were:  Paul de Maisonneuve, governor of the island, Gilbert Barbier and Charles Le Moyne.

Monsieur Paul de Chomedey Maisonneuve helps Louis Loisel to establish himself with dignity and gives him 1 000 pounds, an exceptional gratification. That is why there are questions, if M. de Chomeday had a special friendship with the Loiselle couple,  both Louis and Marguerite Charlot may have traveled with the governor in his return to the colony the summer of 1647”.  Major Lambert Closse also arrived in 1647 and may have traveled with Louis Loiselle, he was chosen as the godfather of Louis’ second daughter, Francoise.

“On 1667, the censors noted the that the urban neighbors of Louis Loiselle were Charles Dailleboust and Louis Artus, royal Juge.

People in Ville Marie helped each other. After 12 years Louis felt more at ease financially;

The 20th of March of 1661, he sold cattle to Robert Cavelier dit Deslauriers.  Money, nothing.

The buyer gave him eight days of labour with cattle in addition to 40 cords of wood for heating delivered to his home. But sometimes people picked on each other. Thus, on the 20th of December 1662, a dozen of colonists were witness of an altercation during which the mason Urbain Brassard directed publicly horrible insults to locksmith Louis Loisel.  He treated him as “Canard” or cocu.  Next January, the tribunal ordered the said Brassard to draft in the presence of the notary an official reparation within 24 hours and to give 10 pounds to the church.

Ville Marie, lived in 1663 under the threat of the Iroquois.  Monsieur de Maisonneuve organized the Milice de la Saint Famille.  It had to do guard duties day and night.  It was structured into 20 squads of 7 defending men each, or 140 men. Louis Loisel formed part of the 17th with Nicolas Hubert as corporal.

Louis got in trouble with his neighbors’, moving the land limits to his advantage.  In 1680, Langevin, his neighour, was again complaining through the notary.  This time our ancestor Loisel was cutting wood in his neighbors’ property according to his own land measurements.  He was forced to pay for damages. After three centuries, one cannot exaggerate the importance of these various facts that put some spice in the life of the first colonists.  In 1682, Paul Aguenier was condemned to pay damages that his animals has caused to Louis Loisel’s grains”.

Generation Charlot-Loisel:

The generosities of life offered 8 children to the Charlot-Loisel couple:  Jeanne, Francoise, Joseph, Charles, Marie-Marthe, Charles, Barbe and Louis.  Marie-Marthe, the two Charles and Louis died just a month after birth.  The 7th of April of 1682 Joseph married Jeanne Langlois, daughter of Honore and Marie Pontonnier.  He had  bought property from Francois Beau in Pointe aux Trembles.  With his 13 children, Joseph was the only one capable of transmitting to the descendants of le patronyme Loiselle.  He died in Pointe aux Trembles on June of 1724.

But we cannot finish this synthesis of the settlement of our pioneer Loiselle in Ville Marie without mentioning that Louis  and his family lived there during one of the worst periods of survival of New France under the constant attacks from the Iroquois against the French, the very reason why the Regiment de Carignan was sent to New France to try to avoid the total collapse of the colonial settlement. The very year Jeanne Loiselle was born, there was a Huron massacre at the hands of the Iroquois and in 1650 the martyrdom of Fathers Jean de Brebeuf and Lalemant . Major Lambert Closse, was only one of the several victims of Iroquois attacks.

“To save Ville Marie was to save New France” (from Marraine Mance booklet, Beauchemin 1962) .


Epidemics in Quebec

June 13, 2010

I was noticing that there were some families that had many deaths in the same year  – so checked on various epidemics in Quebec. There were many. I found these.  

1732-1733 Influenza Epidemic  

1755-1757 Smallpox epidemic, the worst epidemic in French Canada occurred between 1755 and 1757 and spread to New England.  

1759 – Measles Epidemic  

1761 Influenza Epidemic  

1772 Measles Epidemic  

1775-1776 Influenza Epidemic  

The Patriotes Party

June 12, 2010

The Patriotes was a political party led by Louis-Joseph Papineau in 1832.  

 The party had collected 80,000 signatures in support of 92 resolutions of the party around ensuring equal representation of French Canadians.  The British didn’t support any of the recommendations and this led to the party encouraging boycotts on British imports and then on armed rebellions.  

In Oct 1837, the Assembly of the Six Counties met in St-Charles-sur-Richelieu.     

The first conflict on Nov 22, 1837 at St-Denis was their only victory against the Loyalists. 
Then there was the battle of the Patriotes against the Loyalists at St-Charles in Nov 25, 1837. At St-Charles-sur-Richelieu, Lieutenant Colonel George Wetherall with 430 men in his command. They approached the town where maybe as many as 200 Patriotes at St-Charles under the command of Thomas Storrow Brown.  At the battle of St-Charles, 3 English soldiers died, but from 60 to 100 Patriotes died depending on the source.       
  • Antoine Loiselle died that day  
  • Also died, Amable Hebert b 1791 husband of Adelaide Loiselle m 1817 in St-Marc and his brother Jean-Baptiste Herbert b 1793.

The Battle of Saint-Eustache was on Dec 14, 1837. The British were lead by John Colborne with 1,280 regular soldiers and and 220 Loyalist volunteers. The Patriotes had maybe 200 men lead by Jean-Olivier Chenier and Amury Girod. They were barricaded in the church at the centre of the villige. After 4 hours, 70 Patriotes killed vs 3 British Soldiers.    

After the uprisings, the British imprisioned, exiled and hung participants of the rebellion.  The list of Patriote prisoners detailed in Montreal between 1837 and 1839  is provided here.  They were arrested because of their participation aux guerres patriotiques de 1837 and 1838 accused of high treason, sedition or spying.      


On Nov 4, 1838, there were 115 individuals arrested/detained that day of a total of 1,839 arrested in total over the three years.  



These are the three Loiselle’s listed.
  • Loiselle, Jean-Baptiste, Journalier, de Châteauguay – 4 Nov 1838
  • Loiselle, Paul, Cultivateur, de Châteauguay – 4 Nov 1838
  • Loiselle, Toussaint – 4 Nov 1838


The British also retaliated by burning and pillaging rebellious villages through the countie of Deaux-Montagnes including Saint-Eustache and Saint-Benoit. In Saint-Joachim, Sainte-Scholastique and Sainte-Therese.     

Early History of Montreal

June 11, 2010

Sep 14, 1535 – Jacques Cartier first arrives in Quebec City – the Iroquoian capital of Stadacona. [He had sailed to Canadian Atlantic Provinced, Gulf of St Lawrence and Chaleur Bay the year before in 1534 thinking that he had reached the Asian coast. ]

Oct 2, 1535 – Jacques Cartier firsts arrives in Hochelaga (Montreal) on the smallest of the three ships of his fleet. At Hochela he climbs Mont-Royal the next day. He was stopped from proceeding further by the rapids, which were thought to be the passage to China and thats why they were named Lachine Rapids.  Cartier, though, was one of the first to formally acknowledge that the New World was a separate land mass from Europe/Asia.

Jul 3, 1608 was when the first  permanent European settlement was established in Canada by Samuel Champlain in Quebec City.  He had previously participated in the settlment of Port Royal, Acadia in 1605.

Jun 1641, Maisonneuve and Jeanne Mance, with three other women and about fifty men, set sail to Canada and arrive in Quebec by end of August.  The intent was to set up a mission in Montreal. 

Jan 1, 1642 – There are 7 inhabitants in Montreal, 107 years after Jacques Cartier first landed there.

May 5, 1642 – Paul de Chomdey de Maisonneuve leaves Quebec for Montreal, he and 50 others founded the post of Ville-Marie (Montreal).  On May 18, the first mass in Ville Marie was celebrated by Barthelemy Vimont, the superior of the Jesuits, with both French and Indians present.

Jun 9, 1643 – The Iroquois kill their first victims in Montreal. Forty Iroquis warriors suprise six frenchmen hewing timber within a gun shot of the fort, the Iroquis kill three of them and take the remaining three as prisoners.  For the next two years, the Iroquis continue to harass Montreal with attacks on March 16, 1644, and March 30th.    At this time, the inhabitants of Ville Marie were living for the most part communally in barracks within the fort, with only a few living on their own private means.

Jan 12, 1644  – Jeanne Mance opens the first hospital in Montreal within the fort.

In 1645,  Maisonneuve granted the first concession outside the fort to Jeanne Mance so that she could build Hotel Dieu de Montreal.

1646 – The Palisade of Fort Ville Marie was complete, after started in 1642.

Feb 27, 1647 – the first ball in Montreal.

Aug 1647 –  Louis Loisel first arrived in Montreal on Maisonneuve‘s second recruitment trip to France. Marguerite Charlot was on the same ship.   At that time, the situation in the colonies was becoming quite dangerous with the Agniers and the Iroquois, limiting movement outside the fort – not even able to go to collect firewood without armed guards.

Jan 4, 1648 – Pierre Gadois is awarded by Chomedey, then governor of the colony, the first land grant  outside  the fort and is the first farmer. But in 1645 his house is broken into on several occasions to steal food and he returns to Quebec city from 1646-1647.   [A map of the early land grants in Montreal are provided here.  My Louis Loisel got his first land grant in 1655.]

Jan 13, 1648 – Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot are married at the home of Jeanne Mance, with Paul de Chomedey, Gilbert Barbier and Charles le Moyne in attendence.

Nov 24, 1648 – Barbe Meusnier, daughter of Mathurin Meusnier and Francoise Fafart, is the first white child born  in Montreal -she died shortly thereafter [Dec 3, 1648].

Jul 24, 1649 – Jeanne Loiselle is born, she is the first white child born in Montreal to grow to school age and adult hood.

Jan 1, 1650 – Montreal has 196 inhabitants.  That is the year that Michel Chauvin is accused of bigamy.

1650 – Father Claude Pijart is appointed to Montreal, coming from Ste-Marie among the Algonquins.  He will later baptise Francoise and Joseph Loiselle.

1650 – Maisonneuve builds a house for himself of Rue Saint-Paul. Between 1650 and 1672, 94 houses were built in Montreal. Louis Loisel’s house being #51 on map of Montreal on 1672.

Jun 18, 1651 – Montreal battles 50 Iroquois and in July 26, 1651 – Iroquois attack the hospital.  

The start of the 1650s, Ville-Marie (Montreal) was in danger. The settlement was under constant attack by the Iroquois and there were only a few dozen men left to defend the colony. Some of the first to arrive here became discouraged and returned to France, their homeland. 1651 was a particularly difficult year. No one dared go out unarmed and no month went by without victims. Jeanne Mance had to abandon the Hôtel-Dieu and take refuge, like many others, in the Ville-Marie fort.

Feb 26, 1652 – Francoise Loiselle is born. She was baptised by Claude Pijart, her godparents were Lambert Closse and Francoise Gode

April 16, 1652 – “Le Cid” is performed in Montreal. Kind of fun to imagine Louis Loisel and Marguerite Charlot watching the play – although their second daughter Francoise is just about two months old at the time – would Marguerite have gone to the play?

Sep 22, 1653 – 100 soldiers arrive to defend Montreal against the Iroquois. They were recruited by Jeanne Mance, who used the money that was to be spent on the hospital, the Grande Recrue.

Nov 25, 1654 – Joseph Loisel is born, baptised by Father Claude Pijart.   The godparents were Paul de Chomedey, now governor,  and Jeanne Mance.

1655 – A treaty with the Iroquois is signed.

1655 – Louis Loisel is awarded his first land grant in Montreal. Louis Loisel’s house being #51 [on rue Saint-Paul] on map of Montreal on 1672. He earned his living as a locks smith.

1657 0- Notre Dame du Bonsecours is build in Montreal

Sep 3, 1657 – L’Abbee de Queylus is the first priest in Montreal, replacing Father Claude Pijart that baptised the Jeanne and Francois Loiselle.

Nov 25, 1657 – Marguerite Bourgeois opens the stable school in Montreal. Jeanne and Francoise Loiselle are two of the first seven first students.

Jun 2, 1658 – Charles Loiselle  is born. He dies less than a month later.

1658 –  Maisonneuve contracts Jacques Archambault to dig a well it the Fort Ville-Marie

Feb 6, 1662- Lambert Closse died fighing the Iroquois.

Aug 30, 1663 – Barbe Loiselle is born in Ville Marie – the day before the eclipse of the sun in New France. At the start of the year, there were 2,000 inhabitants of the town.  That was also the year of the Earthquake in Montreal. The earthquake last more than 6 months from February 5th to the month of September.

1666 – another Census is completed.

1666 – The boys school is opened in Montreal.  The boys of the colony at that time, were attending Marguerite Bourgeois’s school with the girls. Did Joseph Loiselle attend, he would have been abut 10 at that time?

1669 – Louis XIV institutes mandatory military service for all valide men of NewFrance between ages 16 and 60 with each parish having its militia.  Which is just at Joseph Loiselle turns 16.

1670 – the first map demonstrating that the Great Lakes were all connected, the year that the Hudson’s Bay Company is founded. 

1674 – Pointe-aux-Trembles is founded.  Laurent Archambault and Francois Bau were elected churchwarded for the construction of the church in Pointe-aux-Trembles.

1679 – The Brigantine Le Griffon, is towed to the southern end of Niagara River to become the first ship to sail the Upper Great Lakes.

1680-1685 – More and more voyageurs, coureurs des bois and missionaries exploring the regions upriver from Montreal toward the Great Lakes, impacting the fur fairs in Montreal.

In the Montreal census of 1681, Louis Loisel, locksmith, 64 years old, and Marguerite Charlot, 57 years old, had as neighbors Jean-Vincent Philippe, Sieur de Hautmesny, and Charles d’Ailleboust, Sieur des Mousseaux. Louis and Marguerite owned 1 gun, 2 head of cattle, and had 30 arpents under cultivation. A single son, Joseph, still lived with them.

Dec 9, 1681, Joseph Loisel bought land in Saint-Jean (later Pointe-aux-Trembles) from Francois Bau and his wife.

On 26 May 1682, Paul Aguenier was ordered to pay the damages that his animals had caused to the grains of Louis Loisel

1682 – Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, travelled all the way to the mouth of the Mississippi River. 

8 August 1684,  Loisel won his case against Marthe Autreux, wife of Pierre Chauvin, who had killed one of the plaintiff’s pigs after having surprised the animal in the act of ransacking his fields

18 June 1686, Loisel was ordered to do so because he had refused to ‘have thrashed les fredoches, which spoiled a homestead”.

On 2 August 1688, Louis Loisel (engageur ouest) with some partners, Antoine Bazinet, Jacques Chaperon, Pierre Janot and Robert Janot all invested in a trading journey to the West.  Bazinet, Chaperon and Janot would make the trading journey and return in the autumn of 1689 in order to pay the creditors in good beaver pelts and to share the profits.

3 March 1690, Louis Loisel liquidated all his property in Montreal with his daughter Barbe Loisel and her husband Frncois Langantier taking charge of supporting her parents.

Sep 4, 1691 – Louis Loisel, our Canadian ancester, dies in Montreal.

1692, Joseph Loiselle was engageur ouest, like his father Louis Loisel earlier in 1688.

Oct 3, 1706 – Margureite Charlot dies at Pointe-aux-Trembles , 15 years after her husband.

Marguerite Bourgeoys

June 6, 2010

There is a great Biography of Marguerite Bourgeoys in wikipedia.  She was sixth of 12 children and when her mother died when she was 19, she took care of her brothers and sisters. Her father died when she was 27. She was recruited by Paul Chomedey to come to New France as a teacher and sailed to New France in 1653.  She initiated the building of Notre Dame de BonSecours Chapel and opened her first school in 1658. 

The Loisel’s were among some of her first school children.  Including Jeanne and Francoise Loisel, the daughters of Louis Loisel. Jeanne Loisel was the first student  of Marguerite Bourgeoys that survived to grown age. 

 In 1653, Marguerite Bourgeoys found only a few children in the young colony because the first children born in the small colony did not often survive.  She didn’t find but the small Jeanne Loisel that she gave lessons to.  “on a ete environ huit ans” dit la soeur Bourgeoys, “sans pouvoir garder d’enfant a Montreal. La premiere qui est restee vivante  fut Jeanne Loysel, que l’on me donna a quatre ans et demi, et qui a ete elevee et a demeure a la maison jusqu’a son mariage avec Jean Beauchamp”

The “stable” school was first opened in 1657, when Jeanne Loisel was about 8 years old.

The school was in an old stable. The ground floor was the classroom and the attic was the dormitory for the teachers.

On the first day of school 30 April 1658:  She and her sister Francoise joined other children at the school – there were enough surviving children by then: Jean and Nicolas Desroches, Adrienne Barbier, Catherine Daugigeon, Marie Lucault and Jean Leduc.  Jeanne at 8 years 9 months, was the oldest. Jean Desroches, born 11 Dec 1649 was the first son to survive in the Montreal settlement.  The two youngest, Jean Leduc and Catherin Daubigeon didn’t reach their 5th birthday, Adrienne Barbier, later married Etienne Trudeau. 

The students of the time, they learned religion and reading, writing and arthmetic. The girls would have also been taught sewing and cooking to help them manage households and farms in that time.

In these first years, brothes Nicolas and Jean Desroches and Jean Leduc  attended Marguerite Bourgeoys school which boys attended with the girls until  the mid-1660s. Later the Suplician priests, in particularl, Gabriel Souart, taught the boys.

Jeanne Loisel was raised by Marguerite Bourgeouys from age 4 and a half until Jeanne married at age 17 to Jean Beauchamp. 

After two return trips to France to recruit more women teachers, she started the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame.

In 1680, Marguerite and Marie Barbier, went to set up a mission and school in Pointe-aux-Trembles, again likely teaching the daughters of  Joseph, Jeanne and Francoise Loisel as well as other children of the early inhabitants of Pointe-aux-Trembles.

In 1693, Soeur Marie Barbier, daughter of Gabriel Barbier, succeeded Marguerite Bourgeoys in heading the Congregation.  Marie Barbier was the first Canadian born to join the congregation.

Marguerite Bourgeoys died Jan 12, 1700.

I thought that this is a great activities book for school visits to the Marguerite Bourgeoys Museum.

Montreal Land Grants 1650-1666

June 6, 2010

Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve would act as governor of the colony. On January 4, 1648, he granted Pierre Gadois  the first concession of land of 40 acres. Others including Charles Lauzon, Robert Lecavelier et Adrienne Duvivier, Jean Desroches, Urbain Tessier dit Lavgne and Jacques Archambault.

My ancester Louis Loisel was granted his first property in 1655 – but outside of the “old city” . See the map  of Montreal here.

The following is the call out of the land usage within the “old city” of Montreal in 1655. Notice that Adrienne Vivier is the only woman named on the property list. And this website provides details of the property ownership in the years aftwards as well as the 1655 map.

And this is a map of Montreal in 1672 but it doesn’t show details of the property owners.

Map of montreal 1672


Some of the land grants given included:

  • Pierre  Gadois is awarded the first land grant in Montreal on Jan 4, 1648
  • Gilbert Barbier in 1650 and again later in 1662
  • Jacques Archambault in 1651. in Dec 1663, after the death of his wife Francoise Tourault, he leases his farm in Montreal to Pierre Dardenne for three years, the transaction was done in the presence of his son in law Jean Gervaise.
  • Urbain Tessier in 1651 (son in law of Jacques Archambault)
  • Louis Loisel in 1655. He later liquidated his property in Montreal in Mar 1690 at the age of 72, going to live with his daughter Barbe Loisel then married to Francois LeGantier.
  • Jean Gervaise in 1655 (son in law of Jacques Archambault)
  • Lambert Closse in 1658 – he lead a defense of the Palisade of l’ Hotel Dieu in 1651 against an Iroquois attack with many losses including Denys Archambault.

See the PDF of the map here: Montreal Land Grants 1600s   which was sourced from some Archimbault research that I read.

There are some interesting anticdotes in the timeline of Montreal on Wikipedia.